What is Collective Impact?
According to John Kania and Mark Kramer, “collective Impact initiatives are long term commitments by a group of important actors from different sectors to a common agenda for solving a specific social problem.” To be effective, they must meet five criteria: 1) common agenda; 2) shared measurement system; 3) mutually reinforcing activities; 4) continuous communication; 5) backbone organization. CCMA’s Collective Impact Initiative employs and supports a shared process and common assessment for all CCMA AmeriCorps VISTA programs and associated initiatives in addressing their common goals of combating inequality and poverty through advancing the attitudes, skills, and understandings necessary for college, career, and civic readiness.
How does this learning model work?
In essence, all of this work is about learning/understanding and change. CCMA has developed a theory of change that highlights the gifts of individuals and communities. This means actively engaging the community with whom you are working in program development and implementation, eventually moving from a “WITH” model of engagement to one created and sustained “BY” the community itself (See: Four Modes of Change). This structure centers the gifts of the community— just as David Kolb’s Experiential Learning Cycle works to discover the same gifts in individuals.
The Collective Impact Initiative’s theory of change utilizes Kolb’s Experiential Learning Cycle (see below), through which learners build upon their previous experiences via reflection, conceptualization, and experimentation. Using this method, participants are engaged in deeper meaning-making and complex understanding processes. Reflective practice is proven to be key in fostering this self-empowering experiential learning model, through systematic and rigorous reflection prompts. As a result, participants are intentionally engaged in considering the effects of their choices. The Collective Impact Initiative encourages reflective practice to be a critical component of CCMA programs, engaging all participants in fostering their metacognition, or “thinking about their thinking.” This process results in individuals who think more critically than their peers, are more intentional in their choices, and are more embracing of change and challenge: all of which are characteristics of someone that is ready for college, a career, and civic engagement.